Is LASIK Surgery Ideal for Nearsightedness?

LASIK for Nearsightedness - El Paso

Aug 22, 2015 @ 11:22 AM — by Paul S. Gulbas, M.D
Tagged with: Lasik | Nearsightedness |

An eye being treated with a refractive surgery laserWe at El Paso Eye Surgeons always strive to provide patients with information that's useful. This helps them make smart choices when it comes to advanced vision correction needs. This includes LASIK, a popular refractive surgery option.

Right now, we'd like to consider the effectiveness of LASIK when treating nearsightedness, a common vision issue that many people experience.

About Nearsightedness (Myopia)

Nearsightedness refers to the ability to see objects that are up close but difficulty when trying to view objects that are at a distance. For example, it may be easy to read books or to see a computer monitor, but reading street signs or identifying a friend at the end of a long hallway may prove difficult. (This is the opposite of farsightedness, also known as hyperopia.)

In terms of the anatomy of the eye, nearsightedness is the result of light passing through the eye but focusing at a point in front of the retina, which is the light sensitive tissue located at the back of the eye.

Nearsightedness is often treated with corrective lenses such as glasses and contact lenses, but LASIK surgery has allowed many people with nearsightedness achieve excellent vision.

How LASIK Works

During LASIK surgery, a small flap is created on the cornea, which is the clear, frontal portion of the eye. This flap is created on the epithelium, which is the topmost layer of the cornea. Once the flap is created, it is pulled back. A laser is then used to reshape the cornea. By doing this, a LASIK surgeon is able to improve the focus of light directly on the retina, enhancing a person's vision in the process.

How effective is LASIK surgery for nearsightedness (myopia)?

LASIK is highly effective for treating nearsightedness. The vast majority of patients who suffer from nearsightedness are able to see clearly without the need for glasses or contact lenses after undergoing LASIK. A number of patients achieve 20/20 vision thanks to LASIK. While perfect vision is not guaranteed, most LASIK patients achieve 20/40 vision or better, which allows them to see objects nearby and at a distance just fine.

Ideal Candidates for LASIK Surgery

The best candidates for LASIK are people who are at least 18 years old, are not pregnant or nursing, and have had a stable prescription for at least one. These patients should not suffer from dry eye syndrome, and they should be free from eye infections or eye injuries in the last year as well. It's important that LASIK patients have corneas of regular/average thickness and shape in order for the corneal flap to be created properly.

We should also note that LASIK is able to treat refractive errors of all kinds, which means nearsightedness, farsightedness, and astigmatism.

During a consultation with an eye care specialist, you can find out if LASIK is an ideal option for you and your needs.

What if I am not a good candidate for LASIK surgery?

People who are not ideal candidates for LASIK due to issues with corneal shape and thickness may be able to undergo an alternative refractive surgery, such as PRK or LASEK. These surgeries offer comparable results to LASIK and will similarly eliminate dependence on glasses and contacts.

Schedule a Consultation with El Paso Eye Surgeons

For more information about LASIK surgery and how it can help you see clearly without the need for glasses or contacts, we encourage you to contact our team of laser vision correction specialists today. We at El Paso Eye Surgeons look forward to your visit and helping you achieve healthy eyes and exceptional vision.